Yes, high moisture content is generally not suitable for seed storage as it can lead to germination, mold growth, and loss of viability. Seeds are typically stored in low moisture conditions to maintain their quality and longevity.
A more detailed response to your request
High moisture content is generally not suitable for seed storage as it can have detrimental effects on the seeds’ viability and overall quality. When seeds are exposed to high levels of moisture, they tend to germinate, leading to premature growth and rendering them useless for storage purposes. Additionally, excessive moisture can facilitate the growth of mold and other pathogens, further compromising the seeds’ viability.
According to a quote from renowned horticulturist William Erie, “Seed storage is a delicate process that requires specific environmental conditions to ensure optimal preservation. High moisture content can be detrimental to the longevity of seeds and should be avoided.”
Here are a few interesting facts about seed storage:
- Optimal moisture levels for seed storage range between 5% and 8%. This range provides enough moisture to maintain seed viability without promoting germination or mold growth.
- Seeds are typically stored in airtight containers to prevent moisture exchange with the surrounding environment.
- In addition to moisture, temperature and light also play crucial roles in seed storage. Seeds are best stored in cool, dark locations to minimize the risk of deterioration.
- Some seeds require a period of stratification before storage, during which they are exposed to specific conditions of moisture and temperature to simulate natural dormancy.
- Seed banks around the world, such as the Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway, store millions of seeds in long-term cold storage for future conservation and research purposes.
Here is an example of a table that could provide additional information on seed moisture content and storage:
|Seed Type||Optimal Moisture Content||Storage Recommendations|
|Vegetable||5-7%||Dry thoroughly before storage in airtight containers.|
|Flower||6-8%||Store in a cool, dark place to prevent moisture absorption.|
|Tree||5-7%||Consider stratification or cold storage for long-term viability.|
|Herb||4-6%||Maintain low humidity levels during storage to prevent mold growth.|
Video response to “Do you need a high moisture content for seed storage?”
This video discusses the proper storage procedures for canola to maintain its value. Canola should be stored at or below 15 degrees Celsius and at a moisture level of around eight percent for safe storage. Higher moisture levels can cause decomposition, releasing carbon dioxide, heat, and moisture into the storage area. Preventing mold growth is crucial, as moisture promotes its development. Uneven temperature in grain bins can lead to concentrated moisture and create conditions for mold growth. By maintaining low moisture and temperature levels, canola can be stored for extended periods, protecting the investment.
There are other points of view available on the Internet
The ideal storage temperature for seeds is 35-40°F with a relative humidity of less than 40%. Most refrigerators hold a temperature of about 40°F but have high relative humidity. Seeds stored in a refrigerator should be kept in containers that have a good seal to keep the humidity levels low.
The International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) recommends that seeds be dried to about 5% water content and stored at – 18°C to maintain their viability. A combination of 4-8% moisture content and 0 to 5° temperature will maintain viability for 5 years or more. Vertucci and Roos (1990) have proposed that moisture contents in equilibrium with 19-27% relative humidity (RH) are optimal for the longevity of orthodox seeds in storage. Recalcitrant seeds cannot survive drying below a relatively high moisture content (often in the range 20–50% wet basis) and cannot be successfully stored for long periods.
To achieve this goal, the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI) recommends that seeds be dried to about 5% water content and stored at – 18°C (IBPGR, 1976; FAO/IPGRI, 1994).
A combination of 4-8% moisture content and 0 to 5° temperature will maintain viability for 5 years or more.
Vertucci and Roos (1990) have proposed thatmoisture contents in equilibrium with 19-27% rela-tive humidity (RH) are optimal for the longevity oforthodox seeds in storage whereas we have suggestedthat those in equilibrium with about 10-11% RHmaximize the benefit to longevity from seed desic-cation (Ellis et al., 1989, 1990a,b; Roberts and Ellis,1989).
Today two major classes of seed are recognised (Roberts 1973):
- Orthodox. Seeds which can be dried down to a low MC of around 5% (wet basis) and successfully stored at low or sub-freezing temperatures for long periods.
You will most likely be intrigued